Archive | July, 2013

How to Choose Safe Small Animal Bedding

29 Jul

Choosing safe bedding for your small animal will keep your pet healthy and happy. Not all animal bedding is appropriate for small animals such as hamsters, rats, gerbils and chinchillas. These guidelines will help you find the best bedding for your small animal!

Select small animal bedding without aromatic wood oils. Lining your cage with this type of bedding can cause upper respiratory problems in small animals such as hamsters, gerbils and rats. Use Hemcore animal bedding is a natural made bedding perfect for poultry, horses and any type of animal that has no negative effect of the animals..

Choose bedding that is absorbent. Spread the bedding through the cage, and place extra under the water bottle and in the corners where your pet tends to urinate. Absorbing urine and water is important in keeping your small animal safe. Keep your small animal cage dry to avoid illness in your pets.

Try pellet bedding if your pet tends to chew up his bedding. Using a pellet bedding, which is digestible, will ensure that your chewing pet will be able to pass small amounts of the bedding if eaten.

Look for bedding that offers multiple benefits. Read labels until you find options that absorb odor and moisture and are biodegradable, or digestible. Don’t select your small animal bedding based on color, scent or fancy packaging.

Choose a small animal bedding that will stay in your cage. Pick bedding with larger, heavier pieces if your pet tends to kick his bedding around. Select a lighter weight bedding if your small animal is docile and doesn’t dig much.

Read the label on any small animal bedding before you make a purchase. Make sure your type of pet is listed on the package. Look in the cages at the pet store to see what type of bedding they are using for their pets. Ask questions of the associates to see what they prefer for the store pets and their personal pets. Get advice from other pet owners.

Related Post: How to Make Paper-Based Pet Bedding


Hollywood Mickey – Lights Off In The City

26 Jul

VA native and Traphouse Digital artist Hollywood Mickey releases his new video for his latest single “Lights Off In The City” which is on his debut mixtape Hollywood Thoughts. Check out the visual below and for more information about Traphouse Digital and Hollywood Mickey.

Related Post:  Hollywood Mickey – Lights Off In The City

How Does a Hard Drive Work?

26 Jul

The hard drive is what a computer uses to store all of its data and programs. Even when the computer is turned off, the hard drive is still able to retain the data. As computer systems become more complex, the roles that the hard drive plays have increased. In this article, we will learn the hard drive’s biggest role in keeping a computer running. We will also understand how the hard drive stores and retrieves data.

About the Hard Drive

A hard drive is made up of 2 to 5 magnetic disks, each measuring at around 2.5 inches in diameter. It also has a motor, spindles, heads, controllers and an actuator. All the components are encased in metal.

The main purpose of a hard drive is to store data that can be used at a later time. Running a software program, sending and receiving e-mail and saving Word documents and Excel spreadsheets all require the data from the online hard drive.

The magnetic platters hold the data once it is stored. The controller, heads and actuator arm all play a role in the storing and retrieval of data. The heads and actuator receive instructions from the controller before any reading or writing to the magnetic platters is done.

How it Works

This is a brief description of what happens when a request for data is made by the computer. The computer sends the message to the controller once data is needed. The controller checks its registry for the location of the data. Once the data is located, the controller moves the appropriate heads to the place they need to be. The controller then uses the actuator arm to read the data off the magnetic platters that are attached to the heads.

The motor in the hard drive speeds up when data is read or stored. The motor’s job is to operate the spindle that spins the magnetic platters to the speed required. When the platters reach their full operational speed, the actuator starts to read the data. The makeup of the hard drive is similar to that of an old record player; the record is the magnetic disk and the needle is the actuator.

The data is sent to the controller card’s buffer after it is read. The buffer has solid-state memory; a more faster and reliable memory source. The buffer’s performance is based on its size; a buffer is usually 2 to 8 megabytes of space. The buffer then sends the data on to the motherboard through a cable. The motherboard then processes it and handles it in the appropriate way.

Related Post: How to save files from your hard drive

How to Calculate Carbon Credit

22 Jul

Carbon credits are one way that companies or individuals can reduce their impact on the environment. Rather than encouraging direct action, a carbon credit, or carbon offset, allows for the purchase of other carbon savings accrued from carbon development companies. Purchasing carbon credits may not directly reduce your personal carbon footprint, but it can go a long way toward encouraging companies to be more responsible. Determining your footprint is the first step in knowing how best to offset that output.

1. Write down the square footage of your house. Homes use varying amounts of carbon energy depending largely on the square footage. If your house is under 1,000 square feet, then write 10,000 next to the square footage. 10,000 is the number of pounds of carbon dioxide your house likely produces every year. For every additional 100 square feet of house, add 1,500 to the total CO2. For example, if your home is 1,800 square feet, then the carbon dioxide produced every year is likely around 22,000 lb.

2. Add up your total flight miles for a year and convert them into carbon expenditure. A good rule of thumb for flight-to-carbon conversion is 4 lb. of carbon for every 10 miles flown. Thus if you traveled 10,000 miles by plane, you will have used approximately 4,000 lb. of carbon.

3. Determine the carbon expenditure of your car based on the miles per gallon you achieve. For each hybrid you own add, 6,000 lb. to your total carbon tally. For cars with 20 to 40 mpg, add 10,000, and for cars with under 20 mpg add 20,000 lb. This number assumes you drive at the national average, approximately 12,000 miles per year.

4. Add an additional 10,000 lb. per person in your household. This number will in some way mitigate the carbon expenditure attendant with shipping and selling food.

5. Add up the total pounds of carbon expenditure. This should give you a complete sense of the pounds of CO2 emitted by your household’s actions every year. Reducing or eliminating your total carbon footprint can be the first step toward a more responsible future.

6. Divide the total poundage of carbon expenditure by 2000. A standard carbon credit is purchased as a unit worth 1 ton of carbon expenditure.

Related Post: How to recycle carbon credits

How to Hang Radiant Heaters

22 Jul

Radiant heating units give heat in a specific area instead of a throughout an entire space. The advantage of this heater is that you can have heat only where it is needed. Some radiant heaters hang from the ceiling to supply heat from above while some may be floor units. Most hanging units come ready for installation with a few pieces of mounting hardware. Heating units come in electric and gas powered models. Electric heaters are best for indoor use as fuel based models produce fumes. Contact your local fire department for restrictions using radiant heaters in your area.

1. Identify the area to place the radiant heater. There should be a clearance of two feet above the heater, three feet to the wall, and ten feet to the floor.

2. Mark the studs in the ceiling to use. Use two anchor points, one on either side of the heater.

3. Drill a pilot hole slightly smaller than the screw of the eyelet. Screw in the eyelet in firmly in place.

4. Hang two chains from one eyelet using the S hooks. Do the same for the other side.

5. Attach the chains to the mounting brackets, located on the back of the heater, using the S hooks.

6. Set up the appropriate power source for your heater. Electric heaters should have cords secured to prevent pulling the unit down.

Related Post: Radiant Heater Basics and Buying Tips

How to Troubleshoot HVAC Systems

22 Jul

Today’s HVAC systems are more sophisticated than ever before. Consequently, most of the problems with your system will require a service technician armed with the latest diagnostic equipment. Here are some guidelines for troubleshooting your HVAC system before calling in the big guns.

1. Shut off the power to your HVAC system before you begin troubleshooting.

2. Examine the slope of the radiators and pipes to be sure they slope back in the direction of the boiler. If your HVAC system produces hammering sounds and does not heat, you’ll need to correct the slope.

3. Check the pipes for leaks if the system’s water level is repeatedly low. Close the water supply valve and record the water level for several days. Seek the help of a professional if there is a dramatic drop in the water level.

4. Inspect the amount of air in the expansion tank by gently touching it. When functioning properly, the lower portion of the tank feels warmer than the top. If it feels hot all over, the tank is filled with water and must be drained.

5. Verify that the radiator’s inlet valve is open fully if the radiator is cold and the pipes are tilted correctly. Adjust the vents properly by opening those farthest from the boiler more than those that are nearer.

6. Remove any air trapped in the radiator by opening the air vent valve so there’s no more hissing and water is released. The vent can only be opened with a screwdriver or a key supplied by the manufacturer or purchase one at a heating supply store. Shut the vent and reopen it for the preferred heat.

7. Scan the pump (aka circulator) for leaks, a damaged seal and/or a broken coupler that separates the motor from the pump. Any problems with the circulator require a service call.

8. Know when to call a professional. Generally, a service technician will be required if you need a repair rather than an adjustment to your HVAC.

9. Take advantage of available software to troubleshoot and/or diagnose your HVAC system. Contact an HVAC contractor or technician or visit to obtain the latest computer program.

Related Post: How to examine the HVAC system

How to Finish Roof Tiles

22 Jul

Nearly all of the tiles made for covering a roof come pretreated to endure wind, rain and other inclement weather. However, at times you may want an extra layer of protection for the roof, or you may want to change the look of the tiles. If you would like to finish your roof tiles to better protect them or to change their look, some products are available to make either of those things possible.

1. Use a clear coating to finish roof tiles if you like the look of the tiles, but want to have more protection from the elements. Clear coating provides a protective barrier with a transparent finish that allows the original look of the roof tiles to show through.

2. Paint your roof white with a silicone sun barrier, if you want to lower the cooling costs of your home. White silicone tile coating takes on an appearance just like traditional paint once it is painted onto a surface, and, since it is intended for cooling, it can be purchased only in white.

3. Change the appearance of your roof completely with any rubber or silicone roof paint. While standard paint cannot hold up against the weather that affects your roof, paints made from rubber or silicone not only add new life to the appearance of your roof, but offer additional protection from the elements, much like a clear coat.

Related Post: How to Repair Roof Tiles